July 13, 2010
A common question that many Indiana disability applicants have may be: why does the Social Security Administration care about my work history? Sometimes at an Administrative Law Judge hearing in order to receive Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits, the judge and the job expert must find that you cannot return to any past work along with meeting other standards. It is important that in describing your past work history that you are very thorough. The more information that you give to your attorney, the judge, and the court in general, may increase your chances at winning your social security disability claim. When the court uses the phrase “past work” they are talking about any job that you have held for at least three months in the past 15 years. Any job older than the 15 year period is irrelevant because the person is likely to have lost the skill for the job or the technology they used is now outdated. After looking at your current abilities and disabilities the court will determine a RFC (residual functional capacity). This is a rating on how much work and what kind of work you can do. You may not be able to work construction, but a retail job may not be out of the question. This is why it is important to give an accurate past work history. The more details you give, the better the court can compare your prior skills to your current RFC. Social Security Disability Attorney Scott D. Lewis often finds Indiana disability claimants have a difficult time remembering past work details. It may be helpful if Indiana Social Security Disability claimants make notes prior to the hearing in an Indiana courtroom to help them adequately describe prior employment.
July 13, 2010
It is estimated that by the end of the year 2010 a little over 43,000 people will have been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in the United States. Some of these people are Indiana residents wondering if they can receive social security disability benefits for this condition. Pancreatic cancer is in section 13.20 in the listing of impairments under malignant neoplastic diseases. As defined by The Mayo Clinic, Pancreatic Cancer is cancer of the organ that lies directly under your stomach. The pancreas releases enzymes that help digest food and hormones for your metabolism. Some symptoms of pancreatic cancer may include pain in your upper abdomen, jaundice, loss of appetite, weight loss, and clinical depression. No one knows for sure what causes pancreatic cancer but there may be some risk factors. These may include age over 60 years old, smoking, obesity, and African-American ethnicity. There are many different tests that a doctor may perform to determine if someone has pancreatic cancer. The most common is a biopsy, while an x-ray or a CT scan might also be used. Indiana residents attempting to receive social security disability benefits from the social security administration may be interested in knowing the different stages of pancreatic cancer. There are four main stages of pancreatic cancer. Stage one is cancer in the pancreas only. Stage two is after the cancer has spread to nearby tissue and possibly the lymph nodes. Stage three is when the cancer has spread to the major surrounding blood vessels and the lymph nodes. Stage four is cancer that has spread to all surrounding organs and most of the abdomen. There are two main treatments for pancreatic cancer. The first is surgery. This is only possible if the cancer is in its early phases. This procedure involves removing the pancreatic head if … Continued
July 8, 2010
Emphysema affects 2 million Americans annually. People with this condition often wonder if they can receive social security disability benefits. The answer is yes, you may be able to receive social security disability benefits for emphysema and other lung conditions including asthma, cystic fibrosis, and lung cancer. Mayo Clinic defines emphysema as a condition that limits the amount of airflow when you breathe out. Some symptoms of emphysema might be shortness of breath and/or expansion of the chest caused by the trapped air in the lungs. The primary cause of emphysema is the smoking of cigarettes, but it can also be caused by an alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency. The diagnosis of emphysema will be confirmed by a pulmonary function test and most likely an x-ray. Emphysema is an irreversible degenerative disease. The only thing to do to slow the progression is to stop smoking and/or not breathing any other lung irritants in. Pulmonary rehabilitation can help improve the patient’s quality of life and teach them how to manage their condition, but will not cure them. The only true cure for emphysema is a lung transplant but many of the patients are not strong enough to survive the surgery. This is due to the many drugs that emphysema patients are given to help the quality of life that cause damage to the other organs. The risk of infection is also very great with transplants because of the anti-rejection drugs that the patients must take. These drugs suppress the immune system therefore making infections deadly.
June 23, 2010
Many disability applicants wonder if they can receive disability benefits for panic disorders and agoraphobia. Those suffering from these disorders often find everyday life difficult to live. Agoraphobia is commonly known as an anxiety disorder revolving around fear. Agoraphobia can be fear of public places, fear of large crowds, or the presence of people in general. At its simplest definition it is the fear of experiencing anxiety or panic attacks in public places. Many agoraphobics most often have attacks when they feel insecure or trapped. The cause of agoraphobia is still unknown but women are more often diagnosed with it than men. People that abuse alcohol and other drugs also have an increased risk more than people that do not. The onset of agoraphobia can come at any time in a person’s life but is most common starting in the teen years to early twenties. Agoraphobics tend to isolate themselves so that they do not have panic attacks. If the condition gets severe enough it could include never leaving home; things like work, shopping, or school can be nearly impossible. Even though agoraphobia is a psychological disorder, many times it causes physical symptoms. A few examples are chest pains, difficulty breathing, or dizziness. While it is often thought there is no way to prevent agoraphobia there are treatments. Treatment consists mainly of medications and psychotherapy. If treatment does not start early, agoraphobics’ phobias may become worse over time.
May 26, 2010
Indianapolis Social Security Disability Attorney Scott D. Lewis has many clients that win their Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) claim by means of a Medical Vocational Allowance. You may wonder what this means when it comes to Social Security disability claims. As Attorney Scott Lewis explains to his clients, it is a way of winning a disability claimant’s claim not based on one of the Social Security Administration’s (SSA’s) qualifying “Listing of Impairments.” So, how can a disability claimant possibly win a disability claim if they don’t meet or exceed one of the medical listing of impairments defined by the SSA? A Medical Vocational Allowance (also known as Med-Voc) is a term used by the Social Security Administration (SSA) to define when someone is awarded Social Security disability benefits when the disability claim does not match one of the disabilities listed in the “Listing of Impairments.” How does this work? When the SSA is reviewing a disability claimant’s application, the examiner will request all medical records from sources the claimant has listed on their application. Once the medical records are received, the SSA will evaluate the claimant’s condition and compare the impairment with the listings of the SSA’s “Listing of Impairments” (Blue Book). The “Listing of Impairments” is a list of all qualifying conditions and impairments with their symptoms that a claimant must meet in order to be eligible for SSDI or SSI benefits. If a claimant does not meet or exceed a particular listing, the claimant is often denied disability benefits. However, this is how the Med-Voc comes into play. When a disability claimant does not meet a listing, but the SSA examiner decides based on the claimant’s medical evidence that the claimant’s disability is severe enough, that the claimant is unable to work, and the … Continued
May 19, 2010
How is an Indiana Social Security disability claimant supposed to prove they are unable to work due to degenerative disc disease? Degenerative disc disease is a very common disability among Indianapolis Scott D. Lewis‘ clients. In Attorney Scott Lewis’ experience, degenerative disc disease can be difficult claim to win without the appropriate medical evidence and especially for anyone under the age of 50. On the other hand, a disability claimant under the age of 50 with appropriate medical records may find themself winning a disability claim by meeting a listing in the Social Security Adminsitration’s Listing of Impairment or having such reduced physical capacity that they are unable to work. Disability claimants may wonder why it is so difficult to win their claim when they are experiencing so much pain. Unfortunately, the only person that knows the amount of pain the claimant is experiencing is the claimant. The Social Security Administration (SSA) does list degenerative disc disease along with other qualifying disabilities such as osteoarthritis, spinal stenosis, herniated nucleus pulposus, and spinal arachnoiditis under their “Listing of Impairments,” Section 1.04, Disorders of the Spine. To meet this listing, it is important for the disability claimant to prove their disability is severe enough to cause them to be unable to work by providing medical evidence supporting their claim. When the SSA receives a disability claim based on degenerative disc disease or other disabilities such as back pain, lumbar problems, herniated disc, spinal stenosis or degenerative joint disease, the SSA should immediately look for supporting medical evidence. Some supporting medical evidence may include: diagnosis of the disease by a treating physician x-ray reports, MRI studies, or CAT scans indicating disc deterioration Because degenerative disc disease may be diagnosed based on the claimant’s symptoms, it is extremely important to have imaging studies such as MRI studies … Continued
May 18, 2010
Are you an Indiana resident that is unable to work because you have been diagnosed with scoliosis? Social Security disability claimants that have been diagnosed with spinal impairments such as scoliosis may be able to win their Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits claim even though the Social Security Administration’s Listing of Impairments do not include scoliosis. Scoliosis is a spinal deformity that is characterized by both lateral and rotational curvature of the spine. Whether you are diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis or congenital scoliosis, both types have similar symptoms. Such symptoms may include: uneven muscle development on one side of the spine, rib hump, uneven shoulder blades, uneven shoulders and hips, or asymmetrical breast development in females. Treatment for scoliosis varies depending on the age of the individual. Typically, younger individuals are often treated with braces to prevent the progression of scoliosis. However, braces are not used on adults. Some believe that surgery remains the most successful treatment method for individuals with large curvatures of the spine. Spinal fusions with instrumentation may be the most successful surgical procedure although these procedures will not completely straighten the spine, but do provide good correction. So, how do I win my disability claim if the SSA doesn’t have medical criteria for abnormal curvature of the spine such as scoliosis? Since the SSA does not have a listing in their “Listing of Impairments” specifying the medical criteria for disability based on curvature of the spine, a claimant must prove their disability in other ways. The disability claimant will need to be awarded disability based on a type of approval known as a medical vocational allowance. What is medical vocational allowance and how does it work? When an SSDI or SSI disability claimant’s case is evaluated, a determination will be made as to whether or not the disability claimant is capable of returning … Continued
May 11, 2010
Mental illness, such as schizophrenia, can be disabling. Schizophrenia is a mental illness that affects how a person experiences reality. Schizophrenia must be diagnosed by a clinical psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker or other clinician, and may be characterized by: paranoia, hallucinations, bizarre delusions & perceptions, lack of emotions or motivations, and social and occupational dysfunction. Schizophrenia is a complicated disorder that is commonly treated by antipsychotic drugs, which can alleviate symptoms in some patients, but not cure the disease. Persons with a serious mental illness are just as entitled to Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments as persons with a serious physical illness. Since the criteria to qualify for Social Security disability benefits may be fairly complex, most Indiana claimants with schizophrenia elect to have a Social Security disability lawyer represent them in their disability claim. Schizophrenia is addressed in the Social Security Administration’s (SSA) Listing of Impairments, Section 12.03, Schizophrenic, Paranoid, and Other Psychotic Disorders. A disability claimant may qualify for disability benefits by either meeting or equaling the specifications of listing 12.03. Stated in this listing, a disability applicant’s medical records must show the existence of intermittent or continuous: Delusions or hallucinations or Catatonic or other grossly disorganized behavior or A state of illogical thinking, incoherence, loosening of associations, or poverty of content of speech (associated with either a blunt, flat, or inappropriate display of mood or affect) or Emotional withdrawal and/or isolation. For an Indiana disability claimant to satisfy the requirements of listing 12.03, their records must also indicate that at least two of the following apply: Markedly restricted daily activities; Marked restrictions in maintaining concentration, persistence, or pace; Marked restriction in the ability to maintain social functioning; Extended and repeated episodes of decompensation; If a disability applicant does not qualify for disability on the basis of the above criteria, a disability claimant … Continued
April 30, 2010
Autism is recognized by the Social Security Administration (SSA) as a disabling condition. Autism is a neurodevelopment disorder that affects social interaction and communication skills. Some symptoms of autism include, but are not limited to, repetitive or restricted behavior or lack of communication. The majority of Attorney Scott Lewis‘ disability clients attempting to receive disability benefits for autism have been children. While most of these clients are children, adults with autism may also qualify for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability payments. Indiana disability claimants facing this impairment may be entitled to disability benefits. Found in the SSA’s Listing of impairments, Section 12.10, Autistic Disorder and Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders (in both the adult and childhood listings) are the criteria required by the SSA for meeting the requirements for people with autism. There are several different types of autism including, but not limited to, Classic Autism and Aspergers Syndrome. According to the SSA, the required level of severity for these disorders is met when the requirements in both A and B are satisfied. A. Medically documented findings of the following: All of the following for autistic disorder: Qualitative deficits in reciprocal social interaction; and qualitative deficits in verbal and nonverbal communication and in imaginative activity; and markedly restricted repertoire of activities and interests; OR Both of the following for other pervasive developmental disorders: Qualitative deficits in reciprocal social interaction; and qualitative deficits in verbal and nonverbal communication and in imaginative activity; AND B. Resulting in at least two of the following: Marked restriction of activities of daily living; or marked difficulties in maintaining social functioning; or marked difficulties in maintaining concentration, persistence, or pace; or repeated episodes of decompensation, each of extended duration. Many of the types of autism that Attorney Scott Lewis observes are Classic Autism, Aspergers Syndrome, … Continued
April 28, 2010
It may be a painful reality that the Indiana Social Security disability claims process is a long drawn out process. In some cases, disability claimants are faced with some unfortunate situations while they are waiting the 18-24 months to be in front of an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ). Indianapolis Social Security Disabilty Lawyer Scott D. Lewis often gets asked by his Social Security disability clients how they will be able to get their hearing date expedited. Mr. Lewis understands the client’s frustration with the waiting process, but getting a hearing date faster than anyone else is not as easy as he’d like. As most Social Security disability attorneys would share with their clients, getting a hearing date expedited may be difficult but not impossible. In some circumstances, a disability claimant may be able to prove a “dire need” to expedite the hearing. As most claimants experience, living without a paycheck, with existing ongoing medical bills, needing a place to sleep, and needing to eat can cause a lot of difficulty when it comes to survival. Attorney Scott Lewis often recommends to his clients to find a good support system during this difficult time. So, how does someone tell the Social Security Administration (SSA) that they are in a dire need to expedite the date of their disability hearing? First of all, the claimant and/or their disability lawyer must submit a “dire need” letter to the SSA explaining their extreme financial hardship. A “Dire Need” situation exists when a person has insufficient income or resources to meet an immediate threat to health or safety, such as lack of food, clothing, shelter or medical care. The claim must allege specific immediate circumstances. In Attorney Scott Lewis’ experience, the preceding factors may be looked at, but the three main factors the Indiana Social Security Administration will focus … Continued